We came, we spoke, we won an X-Box 360, we went back home. Thus we conquered South by Southwest in Austin this past weekend. Our core conversation, “Creating Passionate Games: A Multidisciplinary Approach,” drew game developers and enthusiasts from multiple disciplines, which made for lively discussion. We discussed cinematics, music, sound, gameplay, linear vs. sandbox storytelling, voice acting, user interface, casual vs. hardcore, and the social aspects of gaming.
Cinematics and Editing
Taking advantage of good camera angles and editing, either in cut scenes or through other means, helps engage the player. Example: Silent Hill
Attendees enjoyed music that helped set the mood, that might chance when you went into new locations, like underground. One attendee enjoyed music that let you know when the rebels were coming, like in Star Wars, and also made you feel victorious when the battle was won. Repitition of catchy musical themes also tied the player to the emotion or theme. Examples: Zelda, Morrowind
Sounds from off-screen stuck in players memory — like the off-screen sounds in Bioshock, which suggested that activities were going on beyond what the player could see. Good, well-acted voice over also encouraged players to actually listen to the game and music. Logically, developers can discourage players from turning off the sound to listen to personal soundtracks by putting in voice over.
Gameplay/Linear vs. sandbox stories
The gameplay in Portal added to the mad science universe of Portal. The story in this case served as motivation. In the case of a user-generated character, many attendees preferred freedom to solve problems their own way, thus preferring sandbox games to more linear games. A combination of both story and sandbox: Ultima
Some players were taken out of the story during the tutorial, when the voice over actor might say “Press X to continue.” Many agreed that changes in gameplay or tutorials were best communicated visually. Ideally the User Interface would make sense within the story or context.
Casual vs. Hardcore games
Some hardcore games, like FPS, would explain the story or context of the game at the beginning, and then you’d never hear about the story again. Casual games tend to have less story, but there are exceptions, such as Chocolatier. Some attendees were frustrated having to kill difficult big bosses in hardcore games, which is less common in Japanese games, which tend to be a bit easier.
Part of what makes games sticky is their social aspects, whether they be single player or multiplayer. Games with stories naturally build social networks. Especially in cases when players develop the story, Jennifer Bullard of Aspyr said “stories build communities.” If you are able to do something different in a game, you earn bragging rights that you can bring to the community.
Overall, attendees offered a number of must-haves for a passionate game. One attendee suggested that the best games emphasize the psychology of the game context more than the design. Another preferred games with high replayability. Other suggestions included games that offer adequate rewards, fulfillment and achievement, openness and freedom, fantasy elements, and allow the player to know how the story ends with a satisfying finale.
Tall order? I’m game if you are! Did any part of the discussion spark an idea? Let us know if there’s anything you’d like to add to this dicussion.